Wrist and Forehead Temperature Measurement as Screening Methods During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Authors

  • Imtinan Malawi Emergency Department, King Fahd Medical City, Saudi Arabia.
  • Thamer Alsohabani Emergency Department, King Fahd Medical City, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mashael Aleidan Al Majmma University, AlMajmma, Saudi Arabia.
  • Nawa Al shahrani King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.
  • Adel Karairi Emergency Department, King Fahd Medical City, Saudi Arabia.
  • Bandr Mzahim Emergency Department, King Fahd Medical City, Saudi Arabia.
  • Sharafaldeen Bin Nafisah Emergency Department, King Fahd Medical City, Saudi Arabia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52609/jmlph.v1i2.12

Abstract

Background: Temperature screening checkpoints have become widely distributed during the COVID-19 pandemic, using various contactless methods of temperature measurement, including wrist and forehead measurement. Aim: In this study we aim to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of these two temperature measurement methods – wrist and forehead – compared with the standards of sublingual or axillary measurement. We also aim to investigate the influence of age, gender, device brand and diurnal effect on the temperature reading. Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups, each group using a different temperature measurement device. All participants had their forehead and wrist temperature measured, and this was compared to their axillary or sublingual readings. Results: The area under the curve for wrist measurement was 0.49 (95% CI 0.34 and 0.64), p>0.05, with a sensitivity of 46.2% and specificity of 53.3%, while the area under the curve for forehead measurement was 0.70 (95% CI 0.51, 0.89), p<0.05, with a sensitivity of 23.1% and specificity of 76.9%, PPV 1.59% and NPV 97.7%. Conclusion: Wrist and forehead temperature measurement is not accurate in detecting fever during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Although forehead measurement is also not an ideal method, it nevertheless appears more consistent than wrist measurement.

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Published

2021-05-01

How to Cite

Malawi, I., Alsohabani, T. ., Aleidan, M. ., Al shahrani , N. ., Karairi, A., Mzahim, B., & Bin Nafisah, S. . (2021). Wrist and Forehead Temperature Measurement as Screening Methods During the COVID-19 Pandemic. The Journal of Medicine, Law & Public Health, 1(2), 28–32. https://doi.org/10.52609/jmlph.v1i2.12

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Original Articles

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