Utility of Previous Culture Results for Guiding Empirical Treatment of Sepsis in The Emergency Department

Abstract

Authors

  • Saleh Alhaidar Emergency Medicine Administration, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7242-1814
  • Adel Korairi Emergency Medicine Administration, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Abdullah Alshehri Emergency Medicine Administration, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Ali Aldufairi General Physician, King Fahad Hospital, Hafuf, Saudi Arabia.
  • Maya Othman General Physician, Kingdom Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52609/jmlph.v3i3.82

Keywords:

Sepsis, Emergency, Resistant organisms

Abstract

Background: Sepsis is a serious medical condition and a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and poses challenges in terms of recognition and management. Although studies have investigated the early identification of sepsis and early use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, no clear criteria exist to identify those patients needing additional coverage for resistant organisms.

Aims: This study aims to evaluate the utility of previous positive blood or urine culture results in predicting the presence of resistant organisms in septic patients in the emergency department (ED).

Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), a tertiary care centre in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between March and August 2021. Patients aged 18 years or older, who visited the ED at KFMC  during the study period, were included if they had a positive blood or urine culture and met the sepsis definition.

Result: A total of 133 patients were enrolled (mean age 61.6 [18.3] years), of whom approximately half were male (67, 50.4%). We found that previous colonisation with resistant organisms was more likely in patients with resistant organisms at the time of the enrolled visit (n = 17, 77.3%) than in patients with non-resistant organisms (n = 22, 19.8%, p < .05). Therefore, one statically significant predictor of a current resistant organism is a prior colonisation with a resistant organism (OR = 13.8; 95% CIs 3.6, 51.9; p < .05).

Conclusion: Previous cultures, from within the last 12 months, are useful predictors of current resistant organisms, and are therefore essential in guiding empirical antibiotic treatment in septic patients in the ED. Further more extensive and prospective cohort studies on this subject are now needed to mitigate the burden of sepsis on healthcare systems worldwide.

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Published

2023-09-14

How to Cite

Alhaidar, S., Korairi, A. ., Alshehri, A., Aldufairi, A., & Othman, M. (2023). Utility of Previous Culture Results for Guiding Empirical Treatment of Sepsis in The Emergency Department: Abstract. The Journal of Medicine, Law & Public Health, 3(3), 248–253. https://doi.org/10.52609/jmlph.v3i3.82

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Original Articles